Author: US Census Bureau Staff  Published: 2/9/2024  U.S. Census Bureau

United States Census Bureau

Women owned 41.1% (11.2 million) and minorities owned 36.7% (10 million) of the nation’s nonemployee businesses (those without paid employees) and had $307.9 billion and $345.1 billion, respectively, in receipts in 2020, according to the new Nonemployer Statistics by Demographics (NES-D) released today by the U.S. Census Bureau. There were a total of 27.2 million nonemployees businesses with $1.3 trillion in receipts in 2020.

In addition to demographic characteristics of nonemployee business owners, this release also includes data by urban and rural classification, receipt size of firm, and legal form of organization (e.g., sole proprietorships and partnerships).


The NES-D is an annual statistical series that uses existing administrative records and census data to link demographic characteristics of owners to the universe of nonemployer businesses. Nonemployer businesses are those without paid employees and are subject to federal income tax, with receipts of $1,000 or more.

Continue reading to explore highlights for nonemployer businesses in 2020.

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